The most basic difference lies in their view of human nature for hobbes, humans are eager of power and under the state of nature we tend to kill each other for this reason, we need a social contract (in order to survive. The state of nature is a concept used in moral and political philosophy, religion, social contract theories and international law to denote the hypothetical conditions of what the lives of people might have been like before societies came into existence. Hobbes, locke and rousseau comparison grid - download as word doc (doc / docx), pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online a comparison grid among philosophers hobbes, locke and rousseau search search. Thomas hobbes' view on on human nature throughout his life, thomas hobbes made many controversial arguments on the topic of human nature an initial argument he proposed is that human beings are physical objects.
Hobbes compared the english revolution to the state of nature, which was brutal, and his negative view of the revolution led him to conclude that society needed a strong king john locke, believed that the state of nature was good. Hobbes, locke and others were free to consider the development of political structure from the starting point of man in the state of nature hobbes in 'leviathan' stated the case for absolute sovereignty, while locke in 'second treatises of government' argued the defense of parliamentary government and a limited liberal state. The major difference between locke and rousseau's account of the state of nature is the reason for using it as a literary device for locke, the state of nature has the capacity to become a state of war but it can also be a place of increased liberty for the individual.
13) gathered from leviathan, hobbes views man's natural conditions as bad, egoistic, and revolving around war this is a particularly dark view of mankind locke feels that men are all in a natural state of freedom. Hobbes locke rousseau state of nature the state of nature is a state of war no morality exists everyone lives in constant fear because of this fear, no one is really free, but, since even the weakest could kill the strongest men are equal. Thomas hobbes and john locke were to philosophers with opposing opinions on human nature and the state of nature locke saw humanity and life with optimism and community, whereas hobbes only thought of humans as being capable of living a more violent, self-interested lifestyle which would lead to civil unrest.
In his seminal text, leviathan, the philosopher thomas hobbes offers what was then a radically novel conception of the origins of civil governmenthobbes' ideas of the commonwealth are predicated upon his views of human nature and the state of mankind without government, and so he establishes his position on these concepts before addressing the commonwealth's creation. Hobbes' extreme view of nature is paralleled by his extreme view of favoring monarchism but hobbes also introduced the idea of the natural equality of man he states: though there be found one man sometimes manifestly stronger in body or of quicker mind than another, yet when all is reckoned together the difference between man and man. Views of hobbes, locke and rousseau 815 words | 4 pages arden bentley ap euro 3/9/13 thomas hobbes, john locke and jean-racques rosseau were philosophers who stated their belief of human nature and how we should govern mankind. John locke (1632-1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period in the two treatises of government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that god had made all people naturally subject to a monarch.
Contents [hide] 1 the state of nature in hobbes and locke's philosophy 2 the transition to state according to locke and hobbes 3 conclusion : the political philosophy of locke and hobbes 31 related articles on hobbes and locke philosophies the state of nature in hobbes and locke 's philosophy thomas hobbes was a negative conception of the state of nature, as it represents a state of. Thomas hobbes and john locke were two of the great political theorists of their time both created great philosophical texts that help to describe the role of government in man's life, as well as their views of man's state of nature. Locke's views are very different from that of hobbes, besides the fact that locke uses the state of nature concept created by hobbes for locke, the state of nature is a state of complete and perfect liberty to live the best life possible, while being free from interference from others.
The state of nature is a concept used in political philosophy by most enlightenment philosophers, such as thomas hobbes and john lockethe state of nature is a representation of human existence prior to the existence of society understood in a more contemporary sense. Locke's concept of the state of nature is based on a different view of human nature than the self-interest idea put forth by hobbes locke, instead, believes that people in a state of perfect freedom will not act in a positive manner to pursue their self-interest at all costs.
Locke versus hobbes locke and hobbes were both social contract theorists, and both natural law theorists (natural law in the sense of saint thomas aquinas, not natural law in the sense of newton), but there the resemblance ends. John locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while thomas hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there would be nothing but fighting among people. In leviathan, thomas hobbes advances the idea of a permanent social contract in which people give up sovereignty to a governing authority in order to avoid the state of nature, which is a state of.