Lecture 13 - social psych collective behavior i intro a numerous episodes labeled psychic epidemics, collective seizures, group outbursts, mass delusions, crazes, have been recorded throughout the world, people have thrown themselves into social unrest, riots, manias. Is a form of collective behavior in which a group of people, faced with an immediate threat, engages in an uncoordinated and irrational response contagion theory where people are transformed in crowds, they do things they wouldn't even consider if they were alone. Similarly, a theory of disaster response may overlap with, but may not be the same as a theory of emergency management or a theory of homeland security the range and types of behavior that are the objects of study differ. Collective behavior is voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant-group norms and values collective behavior can take various forms, including crowds, mobs, riots, panics, fads, fashions, and public opinion. Collective behavior refers to the spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a group of people in response to the same event, situation, or problem, like this crowd of people, for example these.
Collective behaviour: collective behaviour, the kinds of activities engaged in by sizable but loosely organized groups of people episodes of collective behaviour tend to be quite spontaneous, resulting from an experience shared by the members of the group that engenders a sense of common interest and identity. Collective behavior describes the actions, thoughts and feelings of a relatively temporary and unstructured group of people in contrast a social movement is a large ongoing group of people engaged in organized behavior designed to bring about or resist change in society. Remember that collective behavior is a noninstitutionalized gathering, whereas collective action is based on a shared interest mcphail's theory focused primarily on the processes associated with crowd behavior, plus the lifecycle of gatherings. Behavior compare and contrast theories of social movements your chapter 17 social change and collective behavior 571 before it is widely accepted, a borrowed.
Theory of collective behavior rests upon 4 components of social action, 6 value-added determinants (including 5 types of generalized belief, and 12 types of strain), 6 kinds of collective behavior, and the complex and highly varied connections that are possible between these analytic elements wow. Emergent-norm theory emergent-norm theory combines the above two theories, arguing that it is a combination of like-minded individuals, anonymity, and shared emotion that leads to crowd behavior this theory takes a symbolic interactionist approach to understanding crowd behavior it argues that people come together with specific expectations. Collective behavior can be observed in four types of groupings of people: the crowd, the mass, the public, and social movements, although other phenomena, such as fads and rumors, are also considered to be forms of collective behavior. About khan academy: khan academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the. The study of collective behavior spun its wheels for many years, but began to make progress with the appearance of turner and killian's collective behavior (1957) and smelser's theory of collective behavior (1962) both books pushed the topic of collective behavior back into the consciousness of american sociologists and both theories.
Value-added theory - neil smelser (1962) argues that collective behavior is actually a sort of release valve for built-up tension (strain) within the social system, community, or group if the proper determinants are present then collective behavior becomes inevitable. Another major theory of collective behavior is the social contagion theory major thinkers in this theory are gustave lebon, robert park, and herbert blumer these thinkers believed that people became temporarily insane within a crowd and then return to normal when they leave the situation. Collective behavior and social movements: process and structure back to main page | bibliography gary t marx and douglas mcadam prentice hall , 1994 this chapter offers a framework for the study of this ever illusive and beguiling topic which goes to the very heart of positivist efforts to understand social behavior. Contagion theory is a theory of collective behavior which explains that the crowd can cause a hypnotic impact on individuals the theory is first developed by gustave le bon in his book called the crowd: a study of popular mind in france in 1885. Collective behavior includes unusual or non-routine behaviors that large numbers of people participate in there are a variety of types of collective behaviors there are a variety of types of collective behaviors.
Collective behavior - is defined by sociologists as spontaneous (sudden and unplanned) behavior that occurs in social situations where the norms are unclear it occurs when people are no longer sure how to act and try to develop common solutions to the situation. In the 1960s and 1970s, the dominant theory of collective behavior (called collective behavior theory and characterized by turner and killian [1957, 1972, 1987] and neil smelser ) was clearly rooted in the conservative tradition of the psychology of the mob and the breakdown of social control. Theory of collective behavior by smelser, neil j publication date 1965 topics social psychology, human behavior publisher new york : free press. As a whole, though, collective behavior is regarded as less spontaneous and less structured than conventional behavior, such as what happens in a classroom, a workplace, or the other settings for everyday behavior with which we are very familiar.
Collective behavior consists of those forms of social behavior in which the usual conventions cease to guide social action and people collectively transcend, bypass, or subvert established institutional patterns and structures as the name indicates, the behavior is collective rather than individual. In collective behavior, 20th-century sociologists rh turner and lewis m killian explained crowd behavior with their emergent norm theory emergent norm theory states that crowd behavior is. The research traditions of social movement theory1 and organizational theory are rooted in the common enterprise of understanding the origins and consequences of collective action, but for most of their existence the two traditions have maintained an intellectual distance.